“Network not available”: anyone who has tried to make a call over a mobile phone in Metros (Mumbai, Delhi, or Bangalore) dreads those chilling words. As India’s mobile market has exploded in recent years to more than 170 million users, and as seven mobile operators compete for that growing customer base, spectrum space has gotten tighter and quality of service has diminished.
As a possible solution, last year the TRAI began looking into Third Generation, or “3G”, mobile services in India.
3G, or ‘Third Generation’ is the generic term used for the next generation of mobile communications systems. The new systems will enhance the services available today and offer multimedia and internet access and ability to view video footage. 3G technologies enable network operators to offer user a wide range of more advanced services while achieving greater network capacity through improved spectral efficiency.
The Acronym TRAI stands for Telecom Regulator Authority of India. It was formed in 1997. The independent regulator established by Government of India, to regulate the telecommunications business in India.
Make recommendations on the following matters –
With a 3G enabled phone and access to the 3G network, one can
Numerous applications in various domains like entertainment, work, media, shopping, education, health etc will be possible, giving customers a whole new world of experience.
Well, this is little dicey to answer.
The data speed of 3G is determined based on a combination of various factors including :
There is no clear definition of the speeds users can expect from 3G equipment or providers. Thus customer using the 3G service may not be able to point to a standard and say that the speed it specifies are not being met.
However, It is expected that it provides min speed of 2 Mbits/sec* for stationary or walking users and 348 Kbits/sec* for moving vehicle.
3G services are delayed because of the spectrum issues, licensing issues and auction process. There is still not enough clarity on the policy front and there are lot of questions. Once the answers are available, then only we can ensure smooth roll out of services.
We can expect 3G services in India from Private operators by April 2009, all depends on the completion of auction process. State owned operators may roll out by December 2008.
3G scores for voice; WiMax may lead to increased broadband penetration. WiMax or Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access is a technology that enables wireless transmission of data over long distances. It offers 10-30 times faster data download speed than 3G.
3G: Up to 10 players, including foreign companies, will be allowed to operate in service area. A base price of Rs 2,020 crore for each bid for a pan-India license has been set. Initially there will be 3-5 operators, including MTNL & BSNL, to sell 3G services.
WiMAX: The spectrum reserve price shall be 25% of the of the 3G reserve price. Reserve price for pan-India broadband wireless access (BWA) spectrum, popularly known as WiMAX.
The 3G services are expected to cost 20 to 30 per cent more than the costs of prevailing GPRS or EDGE services that provide 144 kbps wireless connectivity.
* – Kbps (kilobits per second) & Mbps (Megabits per second) are the units of data transfer, and are network dependent. 1 Megabit = 1024 Kilobits.
**[Source: Business Standard]
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